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Sylvia Mendez: Pioneer In The School Desegregation Movement

Shereen Marisol Meraji
Sylvia Mendez was eight years old in 1943 when she was denied entry to an all-white school in Westminster, California. Instead, the school district was sending Mexican-American children to so called "Mexican schools".

Seventy years ago a California lawsuit started by five Mexican-American families, helped pave the way for the landmark case Brown vs. Board of Education.  That court decision led to the desegregation of schools across the country. Sylvia Mendez, the oldest daughter of the Mendez family—one of the families in the lawsuit— has spent the last twenty years sharing her family’s lesser known story. 

Sylvia Mendez was just eight years old when an all-white  school in Orange County, California denied her entry. Due to her background, she could only attend the so-called Mexican school in her neighborhood.

"It had dirt all the way around it. We didn’t have a playground, nowhere to eat," Mendez says of the two wooden buildings where she was forced to study. "It was horrible."

And so the Mendez family began to question the validity of segregation in their school district. Why couldn’t their three children have the same chance as everyone else?

The family's effort-- along with the four other families and 5,000 children named in the Mendez v. Westminster class-action lawsuit-- successfully desegregated four school districts in Orange County. Later, the rest of California followed suit. When Mendez and her two brothers were allowed to attend a segregated white school, she recalls being ecstatic to finally have access to "the beautiful playground" only found in the all-white schools. 

Once inside, Mendez and her brothers faced bullying from some classmates--something that sent Mendez home crying to her mother one day, vowing to never return to school. But her mother firmly reminded her of their family's long fight for equal access to education.

“We are all equal and have the same opportunities, that was what we were fighting for. Because of equality and for justice, and for education," Mendez recalls her mother telling her. The next day, Mendez went back to school. 

Mendez went off to study nursing and worked in the profession for 33 years. At her retirement, which was spurred by her mothers' declining health, Mendez made a promise to share with the rest of the world her family's long-forgotten story.

Today, Mendez is 81 years old and continues to visit schools and their classrooms to talk to students about the importance of higher education-- and about the case that preceded the landmark Brown v. Board of Education.

Mendez speaks Monday, September 18 on the UIS campus at 4:00 p.m. in Brookens Auditorium. The event is free and open to the public.

Daisy reported on statehouse issues for our Illinois Issues project. She's a Public Affairs Reporting program graduate from the University of Illinois Springfield. She also graduated from the Illinois Institute of Technology, and has an associates degrees from Truman College. Daisy is from Chicago where she attended Lane Tech High School.
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