A Complicated Racial History Underpins Politics In Virginia

Feb 7, 2019
Originally published on February 7, 2019 8:31 am

Political enemies and allies alike are calling for Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam, a Democrat, to step down after a racist photo from his 1984 medical school yearbook was uncovered. But Northam has shown no inclination to do so. Now the two Democratic officials in line behind him to assume the governorship are both embroiled in scandals of their own.

The controversies rocking Richmond are a reminder of the complicated racial history that underpins Virginia politics.

Northam had strong support from African-American voters in his 2017 race for governor. Now black leaders say they've been let down after seeing the racist photo in his medical school yearbook.

The system of enslavement that we know in America really was born here. - Gregg Kimball, Library of Virginia

"Because those images bring back hate, bring to memory ... things that we are trying to heal over, get over, put it in the past," said Robert Barnett, vice president of the Virginia NAACP, which has called for Northam to resign.

The weight of history is strong in the commonwealth.

"The system of enslavement that we know in America really was born here," said historian Gregg Kimball with the Library of Virginia.

"You don't overcome a legacy like that overnight," Kimball said. "And even though we see advances in terms of different people that have different ethnicities and races serving in politics, there's still this undertone."

Richmond is a walking tour of American history: Thomas Jefferson designed the Capitol building, the White House of the Confederacy is located here, and it was the site of one of the nation's busiest slave markets. Yet there has been a concerted effort to move from Old South nostalgia to telling the broader story of Virginia's history.

The American Civil War Museum in Richmond, Va., creates a space to bridge Virginia's past and present.
Debbie Elliott / NPR

The American Civil War Museum, which operates the White House of the Confederacy and a museum at Appomattox, is creating a new space along the Richmond riverfront expected to open later this year. It's a modern glass structure built around the brick ruins of the Tredegar Iron Works, which once supplied the U.S. Navy and the Confederacy.

"We really wanted to create a space where immediately coming into it you see this connection between past and present," said CEO Christy Coleman.

A Ku Klux Klan parade through counties in northern Virginia in March of 1922. An image in Virginia Gov. Northam's medical school yearbook shows someone wearing KKK garb, leading to many calling for his resignation.
Donaldson Collection / Getty Images

Coleman said the scandals rocking the Capitol reveal the need for a deeper understanding of history and what the Ku Klux Klan and blackface actually represent.

"Those images, even if they're 35 years ago, still have a real power and they have an ugliness," Coleman said. "Because they're both tied to a form of domestic terrorism that the nation still deals with, right?"

Not many politicians have stood by Northam.

If you're in your mid 20s, dressing in blackface or a KKK robe, that's a little bit beyond youthful indiscretions at that point. - Jack Wilson, Chairman, Virginia GOP

But Republican state Sen. Richard Stuart, a friend, came to his defense. "I think we need to give him the chance to stand up and work through this and I think that in the long run can be very helpful to the commonwealth and the country," said Stuart.

He said poor judgment years ago should not outweigh Northam's service given that racial attitudes in rural Virginia at the time were far different than they are today.

The head of the state's Republican Party is not buying that defense.

"If you're in your mid-20s dressing, in blackface or a KKK robe, that's a little bit beyond youthful indiscretions at that point," said Jack Wilson, chairman of the Virginia GOP.

The party is calling on both Northam and Attorney General Mark Herring to resign.

Herring came forward on Wednesday to acknowledge that he, too, had worn "brown makeup" at a college party in 1980 to impersonate a popular rapper.

Northam has said he's not in the photo after first indicating he was.

Regardless, Wilson said Northam should resign so the state can move on. He likens the situation at the Capitol today as a "power vacuum."

Democrat Kimberly Gray is on the Richmond City Council. Her district includes Monument Avenue, a street famous for civil war figures. Under the imposing and controversial Robert E. Lee memorial, Gray reflected on how this episode in Virginia politics is yet another chapter in navigating a fraught past.

"This is our history and it is part of who we are," Gray said. "We need to figure out how to reconcile it."

Gray, who is biracial, said that although she's disheartened, she's hopeful that talking honestly can help move the commonwealth forward.

"We're a strong community of people. We do love each other," she said. "The vast majority of us are not racist, but we have to come together and we have to embrace each other."

As for the governor, Gray said she doesn't see how he can remain in power because he can no longer be a unifying force.

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