Composer John Luther Adams On The Arctic Sounds That Shaped His Work

Dec 10, 2020
Originally published on December 10, 2020 10:49 am

This has been a booming year for composer John Luther Adams. His 2014 Pulitzer Prize-winning orchestral work Become Ocean has been re-released as part of a trilogy. Recordings of new string quartets have just come out. And he's just published a memoir, Silences So Deep: Music, Solitude, Alaska. The title was inspired by a line in "Listening in October," a poem from the late John Haines:

There are silences so deep
you can hear
the journeys of the soul,
enormous footsteps
downward in a freezing earth.

For a young Adams, that freezing earth was Alaska. Adams grew up in the suburbs of the Lower 48, and studied music composition and percussion near Los Angeles. When he went to Alaska, he went as an environmentalist, not a composer. But the state and its scale led him to devote himself to transforming experiences of place into sonic space.

"I first went north in the summer of 1975, and from the moment I arrived, I knew that I had come home," he says. "There was a kind of exhilaration, a sense of possibility, of openness in the landscape that led me to dream of music that somehow reverberated with all of that fire and ice and wind and stone and space and elemental power."

That sensation is palpable in Adams' music. Being in the north — truly in it, not in a city but living in the tundra moonscape or in the kind of scrubby pine forest he did — and experiencing its extremes of weather and landscape means getting acquainted with the sounds of never-really-silence. For Adams, the atmosphere produced such works as his Earth and the Great Weather from the early 1990s.

YouTube

In that composition, Adams incorporated the knowledge and voices of Inupiaq and Gwich'in speakers. Among them was Adeline Peter Raboff, who grew up in Arctic Village, a community of 150 or so where winter temperatures dip to 60 below. She describes working with Adams in nearly spiritual terms.

"That's the thing about his music — it makes you realize that you're just a part of this huge universe and there are many things that you just don't know, you don't understand and you might never," she says. Raboff says she has no issue with Adams using Indigenous source material — in fact, she asked him to set one of her poems to music.

"My life's work, my aspiration is to create music that's entirely outside of culture," Adams says. "It's of course a patently ridiculous proposition."

Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Adams grew up in the culture of rock and roll. Drums are a big part of his music, which is partly what attracted conductor and percussionist Steve Schick to his work.

"I had never ever heard music like this in my entire life; it was so thrilling," says Schick, who first discovered Adams in the '90s. "It was so, kind of, raw. It both appealed to the mind and the ear, but it also appealed to the heart and the whole body, and so I was bowled over by this music."

When Adams won the Pulitzer for Become Ocean, he was in his early 60s and had just left Alaska. Since then, he and his wife Cynthia have lived in Manhattan, Mexico and Chile. Now they are, as he describes it, in an undisclosed location in the U.S. desert. Among the compositions he's working on is one he describes as a sort of "eulogy for the Arctic."

"There's always more to discover. There's always more in what we're hearing than we can process at once. I think what I'm after is losing myself in the music, and that's what I want for you," Adams says. "Ultimately I think I'm trying to compose home, a place to live. I want to inhabit the music."

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DAVID GREENE, HOST:

So this has been a big year for the composer John Luther Adams. His Pulitzer Prize-winning orchestral composition "Become Ocean" has been rereleased as part of a trilogy, and Adams has published a memoir. Reporter Karen Michel used to live near Adams in the woods just outside Fairbanks, Alaska, and she brings us this profile.

KAREN MICHEL, BYLINE: The title of John Luther Adams' memoir is "Silences So Deep." Its source is a line in a poem by the late John Haines, here read by Adams.

JOHN LUTHER ADAMS: (Reading) We sit without words, gazing past the limit of fire into the towering darkness. There are silences so deep you can hear the journeys of the soul, enormous footsteps downward in a freezing Earth.

MICHEL: For a young Adams, that freezing Earth was Alaska.

(SOUNDBITE OF JOHN LUTHER ADAMS' "ILIMAQ")

ADAMS: I first went north in the summer of 1975, and from the moment I arrived, I knew that I had come home.

(SOUNDBITE OF JOHN LUTHER ADAMS' "ILIMAQ")

MICHEL: Adams grew up in the suburbs of the Lower 48 and studied music composition and percussion near Los Angeles. When he went to Alaska, it was as an environmentalist, not a composer. But Alaska and its scale led him to devote himself to transforming experiences of place into sonic space.

ADAMS: There was a kind of exhilaration, a sense of possibility, of openness, in the landscape that led me to dream of music that somehow reverberated with all of that fire, ice and wind and stone and space and elemental power.

(SOUNDBITE OF JOHN LUTHER ADAMS' "BECOME RIVER")

MICHEL: To be in the north, truly in it, not in a city but living in the tundra moonscape or in the kind of scrubby pine forest he did, and experiencing the extremes of weather and landscape, the sounds of never really silence produced such works as "Earth And The Great Weather."

(SOUNDBITE OF JOHN LUTHER ADAMS' "EARTH AND THE GREAT WEATHER: THE PLACE WHERE YOU GO TO LISTEN")

ADELINE PETER RABOFF: The place where you go to listen.

MICHEL: In the composition, Adams incorporated the knowledge and voices of Inupiaq and Gwichʼin speakers, Adeline Peter Raboff among them. She grew up in Arctic Village, a community of 150 or so where the winter temperature can dip to 60 below. Raboff was more a fan of the band Steppenwolf prior to working with Adams, an experience she describes in nearly spiritual terms.

RABOFF: That's the thing about his music. It makes you realize that you are just a part of this huge universe, and there are many things that you just don't understand and you might never.

(SOUNDBITE OF JOHN LUTHER ADAMS' "MAKE PRAYERS TO THE RAVEN")

MICHEL: Raboff says she has no issue with Adams using Indigenous source material. She asked the composer to set one of her poems to music.

RABOFF: (Singing in non-English language).

(SOUNDBITE OF JOHN LUTHER ADAMS' "MAKE PRAYERS TO THE RAVEN")

ADAMS: My life's work is an aspiration to step outside of culture. It's, of course, a patently ridiculous proposition.

MICHEL: Adams grew up in the culture of rock 'n' roll, and drums are a big part of his music.

(SOUNDBITE OF JOHN LUTHER ADAMS' "DRUMS OF FIRE")

MICHEL: That's partly what attracted conductor and percussionist Steve Schick to Adams' work, which he first heard in the 1990s.

STEVE SCHICK: I had never, ever heard music like this in my entire life. It was so thrilling. It was so kind of raw. It both appealed to the mind and the ear, but it also appealed to the heart and the whole body.

(SOUNDBITE OF JOHN LUTHER ADAMS' "BECOME OCEAN")

MICHEL: When John Luther Adams won the Pulitzer Prize for "Become Ocean," he was in his early 60s and had just left Alaska, the place where he had become.

ADAMS: There's always more to discover. There's always more in what we're hearing than we can process at once. I think what I'm after is losing myself in the music, and that's what I want for you also.

MICHEL: Since leaving Alaska, he and his wife Cynthia have lived in Manhattan, Mexico and Chile. Now they're, as Adams puts it, in an undisclosed location in the U.S. in the desert. Among the compositions he's working on is one he describes as a sort of eulogy for the Arctic. As he says...

ADAMS: Ultimately, I think I'm trying to compose home, a place to live. I want to inhabit the music.

MICHEL: And Alaska will always inhabit John Luther Adams.

For NPR News, I'm Karen Michel.

(SOUNDBITE OF JOHN LUTHER ADAMS AND JACK QUARTET'S "LINES MADE BY WALKING: I. UP THE MOUNTAIN") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.